Apparently for 21st-century folk, ‘stuff’ is so last century. I am sure there are still plenty of people who are collectors, but generally the marketing people inform us that it’s experiences and not things we prefer these days. Of course, with more and more bad news regarding the climate emergency and all those shocking images of plastic waste, the old mantra ‘less is more’ could not be more necessary. However, for our more prosperous Victorian forebears it was very different and with drawing rooms, parlours and front rooms overflowing with collections of objects, more was definitely more.
Last month I made my first visit to the Ipswich Museum. It was opened in 1881 and was dedicated to the study of science and art. And, in that Victorian tradition of progress and improvement, the museum’s founding purpose was to ‘promote the study and extend the knowledge, of natural history in all its branches’. To this end it still displays its nineteenth-century collections of stuffed animals and birds.
The type and number of birds and animals is not as large as either Exeter’s Royal Albert Memorial Museum or Norwich’s Castle Museum (the town museums of the last two places where I’ve lived), yet it still offers visitors a thought-provoking display of the Victorian’s approach to a Natural History collection. Arguably, there is some scientific value from these various collections across the country as examples of life forms now extinct can be seen in their 3D form. However, all is not always what it seems as I read when I looked up ‘stuffed dodos’.
No stuffed dodos remain in any collections. Recently the last two were lost to fire and attack from museum pests. Some museums have made mock-up dodos using pigeon and chicken feathers, and there is a head, leg and single foot remaining at the Oxford University Museum of Natural History.Grant Museum, UCL, London.
I have mixed feelings about these stuffed creatures. I think today we are lucky. We have the luxury of digital cameras, computer animation, David Attenborough documentaries, wild life centres and opportunities to travel around the world to see some of the more exotic exhibits alive and in their natural habitats. It is understandable that in the past these stuffed creatures were prized objects within a museum setting. It is also intriguing that they found their way into many domestic parlours where exotic birds were the stars of glass dome dioramas. I suppose it can also be seen as part of the Victorian’s wider obsession for collection and display combined with their keen interest in Natural History.
Nowadays, these displays of exotic birds, survivors from over a hundred years ago, are themselves collected. Examples can be found in antique shops and popping up from time to time at auctions, but what other options are available for today’s avid collector interested in Natural History. If it’s now more about experiences than stuff then shooting exotic birds with a camera and not stuffing them must surely be the answer. (Is that a collective tweet of relief from birds around the world we hear?)
Finally, one of the most popular exhibits at the Ipswich Museum, especially with children, is a very large, 3D animal. It is the life-sized model of a woolly mammoth standing just inside the museum’s entrance. The model is based on the bones of a woolly mammoth unearthed in 1976 during the building of a local school. This woolly mammoth lived and died some 186,000 to 245,000 years ago, thousands of years before an accomplished taxidermist or even an experienced Ancient Egyptian embalmer ever drew breath, however the surviving bones tell their own story. It is suggested the animal died as a result of being stuck in the mud.
For a very interesting opinion regarding Ipswich Museum posted June 2019 see, current Chief Executive of the Royal Academy of Arts in London, Charles Saumarez-Smith’s post.
9 thoughts on “A Victorian passion for collecting and display: Stuffed birds at the Ipswich Museum.”
Thanks for the tour though I have to say that stuffed birds and animals are not my favourite things to look at!
Not mine either as you probably guessed.
There are bizarre examples to be found. London’s Horniman Museum has a walrus stuffed to capacity, all wrinkles eliminated, roughly doubled in size. The taxidermist can’t have come across the real thing. And as an aside, there was a village near us in France that had a single shop ….. a taxidermist …..
Yes I did see that along with the Nat. Hist. Museum and the Grant Museum that the Horniman has, according to fans of taxidermy, a first class collection. Bet that walrus is quite disturbing to look at. Ah, sometimes the French have as many idiosyncratic setups as the most eccentric of the English. Just love it, the rich, rich tapestry of humanity.
I enjoyed the story and images Agnes. Sadly stuffed is often the only record of fauna that became extinct pre 20th C, so some do have a scientific purpose. Who knows, one day some infamous politicians may end up like that!!!
Oh yes, I do hope so!
Looks as if two of those birds are a rainbow lorikeet and a rosella, neither of which, I’m happy to report, are extinct. I’m thinking that in my efforts to declutter, I have over-minimalised, but the Victorian alternative of stuffing a room (literally) does not appeal either. I can well imagine the “museum insects” that get into the displays, even when in a glass dome. When I worked at rice growers we used to have rice sculptures which would get infested from time to time. The solution was to put them in the freezer overnight. I doubt 100 year old taxidermy would cope with that.
Rotting, decomposing, even simply fading away must be a contemporary museum problem too – everybody assumes stuff lasts forever, but it doesn’t!
I have a young friend who is an archivist volunteering with the Sydney Museum. She is particularly challenged in keeping the wings on old insects.